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In theology, divine providence, or providence, is God's intervention in the world. "Divine Providence" (usually capitalized) is also used as a title of God. A distinction is usually made between "general providence", which refers to God's continuous upholding the existence and natural order of the universe, and "special providence", which refers to God's extraordinary intervention in the life of people. Miracles generally fall in the latter category.
Augustine of Hippo is perhaps most famously associated with the doctrine of
Divine Providence in the Latin West. However, Christian teaching on providence
in the high Middle Ages was most fully developed by Thomas Aquinas in the Summa
Theologica. The concept of providence as care exercised by God over the
universe, his foresight and care for its future is extensively developed and
explained both by Aquinas himself and modern Thomists. One of the foremost
modern Thomists, Dominican father Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, wrote a study of
providence entitled "Providence: God's loving care for man and the need for
confidence in Almighty God." In it, he presents and solves, according to
Catholic doctrine, the most difficult issues as related to providence.